Sources: World Bank, CIA World Factbook, and United Nations Children's Fund.
The republic of Guinea is located in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea, it is today sometimes called Guinea-Conakry to distinguish it from its neighbors Guinea-Bissau and the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.
The country's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production. And although Guinea is very rich in minerals, half of its population lives below the international poverty line.
Guinea's population is estimated to be 10.6 million people, of which 43% are under 15 years of age. Nearly half (49%) of Guinea's population lives below the poverty line of $196 USD per person per year, and poverty has deepened in Guinea in the last decade.
Access to care is a major problem in Guinea, and the Ministry of Health estimates that less than 40% of the population has access to public health care services. The disease burden is dominated by infectious and communicable diseases. According to the 2005 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), environmental sanitation in Guinea is quite poor allowing cholera and typhoid epidemics to occur regularly. The study showed that diarrheal disease, malaria, and malnutrition, are the leading causes of death among children under five years of age.
In education, most of Guinean schools are currently suffering from:
- Plethoric numbers of students with a lack of appropriated school infrastructures (varying from 70 to 150 students by classroom). Most of the Guinean schools are in poor conditions either they are falling down, being in restoration process or lacking primary services such as cleaned water, toilets, enclosing wall/fences, etc.;
- Insufficient number of qualified teacher
The literacy rate of Guinea is one of the lowest in the world: In 2003, it was estimated that only 29.5% of adults were literate (42.6% of males and 18.1% of females). In 1999, primary school attendance was 40 percent. Children, particularly girls, are kept out of school in order to assist their parents with domestic work or agriculture.
Angels & Doves is working on two social fronts (education and health) in Guinea to improve and better the lives of Guineans.